Caffeine

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Caffeine
Legal Status
US Legal
EU
Canada
AU
Drug Information
FDA Classification Supplement
Class Stimulant
Addiction Risk Addiction-green.png Low
Addiction Severity Addiction-green.png Mild
Therapeutic Index Addiction-yellow.png Moderate (1:50)

Caffeine is a stimulant drug that is also the mostly widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world. It is legal virtually everywhere in the world, and is found naturally in many plants.

Legality and Availability[edit]

In the United States, caffeinated drinks such as coffee and soda are regulated as food items, while pure caffeine powder is sold freely and without regulation.

Caffeine is notable because it is likely the only stimulant drug that is unrestricted in virtually every country.

Athletic Organizations[edit]

The US Anti-Doping Agency does not restrict caffeine.[1]

The NCAA prohibits caffeine if urine concentrations exceed 15 mcg/mL, or "about five cups of coffee a few hours before the drug test."[2]

The International Olympic Committee prohibits "excessive" caffeine intake.[3]

Uses[edit]

Stimulant[edit]

ADHD[edit]

Headache[edit]

Asthma[edit]

Hypotension[edit]

Weight Loss[edit]

Type 2 Diabetes[edit]

Addiction Profile[edit]

Caffeine Addictiveness Profile
Addiction
Overall Addiction Liability Addiction-green.png Very low
Psychological Dependence Addiction-green.png Uncommon
Physical
Physical Dependence Addiction-yellow.png Yes (mild)
Tolerance Addiction-green.png Builds slowly
Withdrawal Addiction-yellow.png Mild
DrugAddictiveness.gif

Caffeine is considered to have a very low risk of addiction. However, mild physical dependence does develop with continued use. This dependence is considered to be of little concern, as the withdrawal symptoms of caffeine are very mild, usually using the user with a headache and/or a poor mood for a few days after quitting.

Psychological addiction is very rare, and has minimal negative effects on the average user.

References[edit]

  1. http://www.usada.org/substances/wada-ncaa-differences/
  2. http://www.usada.org/substances/wada-ncaa-differences/
  3. http://www.olympic.org/documents/reports/en/en_report_833.pdf