Editing Kratom

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|'''EU'''
 
|'''EU'''
|[[File:Uk-flag.png]] [[File:Fr-flag.png]] [[File:Nl-flag.png]] Legal<br>Legality varies elsewhere in Europe
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|Legal in UK, France, Netherlands<br>Legality varies elsewhere in Europe
 
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|'''AU'''
 
|'''AU'''
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|'''Addiction Risk'''
 
|'''Addiction Risk'''
|[[File:addiction-yellow.png]] Low to Moderate
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|Low to Moderate
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|'''Addiction Severity'''
 
|[[File:Addiction-yellow.png]] Mild to Moderate
 
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There is no federal law against kratom, but a handful of states have enacted restrictions.
 
There is no federal law against kratom, but a handful of states have enacted restrictions.
  
Indiana is the only state that explicitly bans kratom. However, the plant is in a legal gray area in Louisiana, Tennessee, Vermont, and Wisconsin.<ref>https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_law.shtml</ref> Where no state law exists, kratom is legal.
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Indiana is the only state that explicitly bans kratom. However, the plant is in a legal gray area in Louisiana, Tennessee, Vermont, and Wisconsin.[https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_law.shtml]
  
In 2016, the DEA moved to place kratom on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, the highest level of control in the United States. However, following public outcry, the DEA withdrew the ban and opened a public comment period.<ref>http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidkroll/2016/10/13/dea-withdraws-kratom-ban-opens-formal-comment-period/#57b8e9a87ba9</ref>
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Where no state law exists, kratom is legal.
  
 
=== Canada ===
 
=== Canada ===
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It is controlled or banned in Ireland, Finland, Denmark, Romania, and other countries.
 
It is controlled or banned in Ireland, Finland, Denmark, Romania, and other countries.
  
Legality is questionable in Germany.<ref>https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_law.shtml</ref>
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Legality is questionable in Germany.[https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_law.shtml]
  
 
== Official Uses ==
 
== Official Uses ==
  
Kratom is not approved for medical use by the FDA and other agencies. It is typically classified as an herbal product, or is simply sold for "research" or "botanical" purposes only.
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Kratom is not approved for medical use by the FDA and other agencies. It is typically classified as an herbal product.
  
 
== Unofficial Uses ==
 
== Unofficial Uses ==
  
Kratom is an opioid, and has analgesic effects similar to other opioids such as [[codeine]]. The drug also has mild stimulant properties.<ref>https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_effects.shtml</ref>
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Kratom is an opioid, and has analgesic effects similar to other opioids such as [[codeine]]. The drug also has mild stimulant properties.[https://www.erowid.org/plants/kratom/kratom_effects.shtml]
  
Recovering opioid addicts have reported that kratom is effective in preventing or reducing withdrawal symptoms. In the US, it is a common form of self-medication for withdrawals, as is the potentially more dangerous drug [[loperamide]].
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Kratom is an effective painkiller and has been reported to ease anxiety.
 
 
Kratom has been reported to ease anxiety.
 
 
 
The effects of kratom differ significantly with different "strains", likely due to different levels of various alkaloids.
 
  
 
== Pharmacology ==
 
== Pharmacology ==
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It should be noted that the evidence above may largely also apply to the weak opioid hypothesis.
 
It should be noted that the evidence above may largely also apply to the weak opioid hypothesis.
 
== References ==
 

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